Kiwanis Youth Baseball

Rules

Prep League

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WESTERN KIWANIS 13 YEAR OLD PREP BASEBALL LEAGUE RULES 

1.  Teams.

          A.  Each team shall consist of no more than fifteen(15) players.

          B.  No additions or changes can be made in any team's roster without the 
              consent of the Commission.  This includes trades between teams and dropping 
              any player from the roster once the player has been picked to play with the team.
2.  Age.

         Any boy/girl who will not attain the age of 14 before September 1 and any boy/girl who attains the 
         age of 13 before September 1 of any given calendar year, shall be eligible to active membership 
         in the League and may participate in any and all of the activities during the year.

3.  Legal Games.

          A.     Games shall be played seven innings.No new inning will start after 1 hour 45 minutes.
                 The inning begins upon completion of the third out of the previous inning.  The 
                 umpires will determine that starting time of each game and designate a timepiece as 
                 the official timepiece.

          B.     Tie Games - If the score is tied at the end of 7 innings or the time limit has 
                             elapsed, an extra inning will be played.  The extra inning will be 
                             played as follows:

                 The player making the last out in the previous inning will start the inning as a 
                 base runner on 2nd base.  If the score is still tied after the completion of the 
                 extra inning, the game will be considered a tie in the standings.

          C.     10-Run Rule - A game will end once becoming regulation, if one team is ahead by 
                               10 or more runs and has had equal time at bat or the 'home' team is 
                               leading.

          D.     Should a game be suspended because of weather or other circumstances and if the 
                 game is made up, it will be made up from the point at which it was postponed.

4.  Umpires and Coaches.

          A.     There shall be two approved umpire at each game.  The home plate umpire is 
                 the umpire-in-chief.

          B.     Umpire in chief shall be behind the home plate, whenever possible.  He shall have 
                 the power to overrule on all decisions.

          C.     Coaches as well as managers shall be assigned by the Commission.

          D.     No game will be postponed because of an absence of assigned umpires. If the umpires 
                 do not show up for a game, the managers of each team will take appropriate steps 
                 to see that an official game is played.

5.  Scorekeepers.

          The manager of the home team shall supply a competent scorekeeper.  Runs and innings are 
          the only records required. The umpires will record the innings pitched by each pitcher.

6.  Forfeiture and Protest.

         A.     No team shall be permitted to begin a ball game with less than seven (7) players in 
                complete uniform. Teams will not be permitted to continue a game with less than seven
                players.  If a team has less than 9 players, when the empty position in the batting 
                order is scheduled to bat, he will not be an automatic out.

         B.     Protesting an error in a rule interpretation will be allowed.  The protest must be 
                done in accordance with baseball rules.  Notification must be made to a commissioner 
                in writing within 48 hours.  If the protest is upheld the game will be replayed from 
                that point, only if it affects the final standings.  Protest decisions will be 
                governed by normal baseball rules and the commissioners decision is final.

         C.     In the case of a team violating the playing rules, appropriate action will be taken 
                by the commission.  This action could consist of(but not limited to) replaying the 
                game, playing the game from the time of the infraction, or forfeiture of the game.

7.  Playing Rules.

        The High School Federation Rules shall be the rules of the League.  Prep League Rules 
        supercede High School Federation  Rules.

8.  Schedule

         A.     The schedule of games shall be approved by the Commission.

         B.     Games shall be scheduled to give teams sufficient rest between scheduled games.

         C.     The team name appearing first on the schedule is the visiting team.  The visiting 
                team will:

                1)    Use the first base side dugout;

                2)    Bat in the top of each inning;

                3)    No infield/outfield warm-up is permitted on playing infields.
                4)    Have the use of batting cages from 4:15 - 4:40 at games scheduled at 5:15;

                5)    Have the use of batting cages from 6:15 - 4:40 at games scheduled 
                      at 7:15;

          The team name appearing second on the schedule is the home team. The home team will:

                1)    Use the third base side dugout;

                2)    Bat in the bottom of each inning;

                3)    No infield/outfield warm-up is permitted on playing infields.

                4)    Have the use of batting cages from 4:55 - 5:10 at games scheduled 
                      at 5:15;

                5)    Have the use of batting cages from 6:45 - 7:10 at games scheduled 
                      at 7:15;

          D.     Rain outs.  If a game is rained out, it will be rescheduled when there is an 
                             available field.  Sufficient notification will be given to each team.

9. Pitchers.

          I.     Rules for the first round of league play(1st 6 scheduled games):

                 A.  No pitcher will be allowed to pitch more than 7 innings in any calendar week. 
                     (A calendar week is Monday through Sunday).  One pitch constitutes an inning 
                     of pitching.

                 B.  A pitcher will not be allowed to pitch more than 4 innings per game.

                 C.  A pitcher must have two (2) calendar days rest between pitching assignments 
                     in which a pitcher pitches four (4) or more innings in any one game.

                 D.  The balk rule will not be enforced by the umpires.  Time will be called and 
                     the umpires will inform the pitcher of the balk and instruct the pitcher on 
                     the correct procedure;

                 E.  No breaking pitches will be allowed;

                 F.  If a pitcher is replaced as a pitcher, he may not pitch again in that same game;

                 G.  Pitchers will be allowed 7 warm-up pitches at the start of the game;

                 H.  Between innings, the pitcher will be allowed 5 warm-up pitches or until the 
                     catcher is ready;

                 I.  Pitchers will be allowed 7 warm-up pitches if entering the game as a relief 
                     pitcher;

          II.  Rules for the 2nd and 3rd round and play-off(effective at 7 seventh scheduled game):

                 A.  No pitcher will be allowed to pitch more than 7 innings in any calendar week. 
                     (A calendar week is Monday through Sunday).  One pitch constitutes an inning of 
                     pitching.

                 B.  A pitcher will not be allowed to pitch more than 7 innings per game.

                 C.  A pitcher must have two (2) calendar days rest between pitching assignments in 
                     which a pitcher pitches four (4) or more innings in any one game.

                 D.  The balk rule will be enforced by the umpires.

                 E.  Breaking pitches will be allowed;

                 F.  If a pitcher is replaced as a pitcher, he may not pitch again in that same game;

                 G.  Pitchers will be allowed 7 warm-up pitches at the start of the game;

                 H.  Between innings, the pitcher will be allowed 5 warm-up pitchest or until the 
                     catcher is ready;

                 I.  Pitchers will be allowed 7 warm-up pitches if entering the game as a relief 
                     pitcher;

10.  Line Ups.

          Before the starting of each game during the season, the manager of each team shall provide 
          an accurate batting order and a listing of all uniformed players, whose names have been 
          registered with the Commission, to the opposing manager, the scorekeeper and to the Umpire 
          in chief of said game.  In addition, the manager must inform the opposing manager if any 
          of his players will be withheld from satisfying the participation rule because of injury, 
          illness, or disciplinary reason.

11.  Miscellaneous Rules

          A.     A courtesy runner will be mandatory for the catcher when there are 2 outs.

                 1)    The player making the last out will run for the catcher.

                 2)    This rule does not have to be followed during the 7th inning or beyond.

          B.     Managers must try faithfully to call each and every player on his team for all 
                 practices and games.

          C.     To provide sufficient playing time for all players, the following rules will be 
                 enforced:

                 1.     A continuous batting order will be used.  That is, all players attending a 
                        game will be in the batting rotation for the entire game.

                 2.     A player at a games must play a minimum of 9 outs in the field.

                 3.  If for some reason, (example:  time limit, darkness) a position player does not 
                     play 3 innings  in field, that player will play a minimum of the first 3 innings 
                     of the team’s next scheduled game In the field..

                 4.  If an offensive player is unable to remain in the game(ex. injury),  then the 
                     last out will replace that player. The player is removed from the line-up and 
                     can no longer play in the game.  In addition, when that player location comes to
                     bat, it will NOT be an automatic out.


          D.     If a player is warming up a pitcher on the playing field, he must wear protective 
                 head gear and a protective cup. If a player is coaching a base, he must wear a 
                 batting helmet.

          E.     A player who is a member of a high school baseball team, shall not be allowed to 
                 play or practice with his Western Kiwanis League Team until completion of his 
                 high school team's schedule.  This includes the time during which he is trying out 
                 for the high school team.

          F.     A $110 fee is required from each player.

          G.     Any player, coach, or manager throwing equipment or using foul language will be 
                 ejected from the game and suspended from the next scheduled game.  
                 The 2nd offense - 3 game suspension, 3rd offense  one year suspension.  In addition,
                 any player, coach, or manager ejected from a game for any reason will be suspended 
                 from the next scheduled game pending a review by the commission.  And the person 
                 ejected must leave the ballpark.

          H.     No Metal Spikes will be permitted.

          I.     Players shall not intentionally collide with nor attempt to hurdle any other player.  
                 In the case of a runners intentionally colliding with or attempting to hurdle a 
                 fielder, the runner will be called out and may, at the umpires discretion be 
                 ejected from the game.  A runner leaving the ground head or feet first in an attempt
                 to take out a defensive player will be ejected from the game followed by player 
                 disciplinary action.  The decision may be subject to league review.  All base runners
                 must slide, or stop and give themselves up, run around a defensive player(however 
                 runners may not avoid a tag by running more then 3 feet out of the baseline) if the 
                 defensive has possession of the ball. NOTE:  A player may have incidental contact 
                 without being called and ejected from the game by the umpire.  The determination of 
                 intentional and incidental contact is at the sole discretion of the umpire and is 
                 not subject to appeal.

          J.     If a defensive player is not in possession of the ball, he cannot block the base or 
                 be in the base path so as to impede or obstruct the base runner right to that base. 
                 Under such circumstances, the umpire will call obstruction.  This would allow the 
                 runner/batter to be called safe and to be allowed base advancement upon the umpire 
                 discretion.  Also, under these circumstances, runner/batter will follow the rules 
                 outline in paragraph above.  In addition, if the obstruction is flagrant, the 
                 defensive may be ejected from  the game.

          K.     Hidden Ball Trick not allowed.
                 Penalty:   1st offense in a game, the play is nullified.  2nd offense in the same 
                            game - Forfeiture of game.

          L.     Time Outs/Conferences:

                 The Offensive Team will be allowed 2 Coach/Player/Runner Time Outs per game.

          M.     Players must wear an Official Kiwanis baseball cap and shirts must be tucked in.  
                 Any player not in a complete uniform must be removed from the game.

          N.     Bat Restriction.  In the Prep League, there are no bat restrictions

12.  Play-off Rules.

          1)    Substitution/Participation Rule - Same as league play.

          2)    In the event of extra innings, the game will be played without putting the last 
                player who made an out as a runner on 2nd base.  The game will be continued until a 
                winner is determined.

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DIFFERENCES BETWEEN HIGH SCHOOL FEDERATION RULES AND MAJOR LEAGUE RULES
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Our rules begin with High School Federation Rules. If you wish to order your own copy of 
the HS rule book, their website is www.nfhs.org
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Rule 1-3-4 Non-wood bat. In diameter at its thickest part 2 5/8 or less.  In weight, 
           a bat shall not weigh more than 3 oz less than the length of the bat in inches
           (e.g. a 33-inch-long bat cannot be less than 30 oz).  This is now as the (-3) 
           rule. Kiwanis rule in the Prep League(13 yr. olds), there will no restriction 
           on bats.  In all other Kiwanis leagues, we will use the HS rule known as the 
           (-3 rule).  In addition, starting the bat must have BBCOR certification mark.  
           BBCOR means BATTED BALL COEFFICIENT OF RESTITUTION.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Rule 1-5-1  Any offensive player on the field of play must wear a batting helmet.  The 
            helmet cannot be intentionally removed while a player is in live-ball territory 
            and the ball is live.
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Rule 1-5-12 Jewelry shall not be worn except for religious or medical medals.  
            A religious medal must be taped and worn under the uniform.  A medical alert 
            medal must be taped and may be visible.
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Rule 2-4-3  Intentional Walk - An intentional base on balls may be given by the defensive
            team by having its catcher or coach  request the umpire to award the batter 
            first base.  This may be done before pitching to the batter or on any ball 
            and strike count.  The ball shall be declared dead before making the award.
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Rule 2-22-1 Obstruction is an act(intentional or unintentional, as well as physical 
            or verbal) by a fielder, any member of the defensive team or its team 
            personnel that hinders a runner or changes the pattern of play or when a catcher 
            or fielder hinders a batter.  
                 When obstruction occurs, the ball becomes dead at the end of playing 
                 action and the umpire has the authority to determine which base or 
                 bases shall be awarded the runners according to the rule violated.

                 A fake tag is an act by a defensive player without the ball that simulates a tag.  
                 A fake tag is considered obstruction.

                 The fielder without possession of the ball denies access to the base the 
                 runner is attempting to achieve.  This is also considered obstruction.
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5-1-1k          Balk - When a balk is called the play is dead.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Courtesy Runners - HS rules allow for courtesy runners in many situations.  We 
                                   continue to require a courtesy runner for the catcher and only 
                                   when there are two outs.  This rule will be mandatory.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Time Limit - We will continue a one hour and 45 minute time limit for all of our 
                             games.  In addition, the commissioner has the discretion to terminate  
                             game.  This would occur in rare situations, when the time limit has been
                             exceeded and the outcome is not in doubt.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Trips to the Mound - We will implement the HS rule.  This states that a defensive 
                             team is allowed 3 defensive meetings in a game without removing the 
                             pitcher(as a pitcher).  On each subsequent trip, the pitcher must be 
                             removed as a pitcher.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                This next list of statements pertains to various aspects of Obstruction and 
                Interference by offensive and defensive players.  This is covered in the HS rule book
                but I wanted to summarize the important points.

                1)   The fielder without possession of the ball cannot deny access to the base the 
                     base runner is attempting to achieve.

                2)   An offensive player must avoid unnecessary contact with a defensive player.

                3)   An offensive player must slide directly to the base.

                4)   If a defensive player is in the base path illegally, the offensive player must 
                     avoid unnecessary contact, even if the offensive player has to go outside the 
                     base line.













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Download Rules

Junior League

WESTERN KIWANIS BASEBALL LEAGUE 

WESTERN KIWANIS 14 - 15 YEAR JUNIOR BASEBALL LEAGUE RULES

1.  Teams.

          A.  Each team shall consist of no more than fifteen(15) players.

          B.  No additions or changes can be made in any team's roster without the consent of the
              Commission.  This includes trades between teams and dropping any player from the
              roster once the player has been picked to play with the team.
2.  Age.

          Any boy/girl who will not attain the age of 14 before September 1 and any boy/girl who attains the
          age of 13 before September 1 of any given calendar year, shall be eligible to active membership
          in the League and may participate in any and all of the activities during the year.

3. Legal Games.

         A. Games shall be played seven innings.No new inning will start after 1 hour 45 minutes.
            The inning begins upon completion of the third out of the previous inning.  The
            umpires will determine that starting time of each game and designate a timepiece as
            the official timepiece.

         B. Tie Games - If the score is tied at the end of 7 innings or the time limit has
            elapsed, an extra inning will be played.  The extra inning will be
            played as follows:

            The player making the last out in the previous inning will start the inning as a
            base runner on 2nd base.  If the score is still tied after the completion of the
            extra inning, the game will be considered a tie in the standings.

         C. 10-Run Rule - A game will end once becoming regulation, if one team is ahead by
            10 or more runs and has had equal time at bat or the 'home' team is leading.

         D. Should a game be suspended because of weather or other circumstances and if the
            game is made up, it will be made up from the point at which it was postponed.

4. Umpires and Coaches.

         A. There shall be two approved umpire at each game.  The home plate umpire is
            the umpire-in-chief.

         B. Umpire in chief shall be behind the home plate, whenever possible.  He shall have
            the power to overrule on all decisions.

         C. Coaches as well as managers shall be assigned by the Commission.

         D. No game will be postponed because of an absence of assigned umpires. If the umpires
            do not show up for a game, the managers of each team will take appropriate steps
            to see that an official game is played.

5. Scorekeepers.

         The manager of the home team shall supply a competent scorekeeper.  Runs and innings are
         the only records required. The umpires will record the innings pitched by each pitcher.

6. Forfeiture and Protest.

         A. No team shall be permitted to begin a ball game with less than seven (7) players in
            complete uniform. Teams will not be permitted to continue a game with less than seven
            players.  If a team has less than 9 players, when the empty position in the batting
            order is scheduled to bat, he will not be an automatic out.

         B. Protesting an error in a rule interpretation will be allowed.  The protest must be
            done in accordance with baseball rules. Notification must be made to a commissioner
            in writing within 48 hours.  If the protest is upheld the game will be replayed from
            that point, only if it affects the final standings.  Protest decisions will be
            governed by normal baseball rules and the commissioners decision is final.

         C. In the case of a team violating the playing rules, appropriate action will be taken
            by the commission.  This action could consist of(but not limited to) replaying the
            game, playing the game from the time of the infraction, or forfeiture of the game.

7. Playing Rules.

         The High School Federation Rules shall be the rules of the League.  Prep League Rules
         supercede High School Federation  Rules.

8. Schedule

         A. The schedule of games shall be approved by the Commission.

         B. Games shall be scheduled to give teams sufficient rest between scheduled games.

         C. The team name appearing first on the schedule is the visiting team.  The visiting
            team will:

            1)    Use the first base side dugout;

            2)    Bat in the top of each inning;

            3)    No infield/outfield warm-up is permitted on playing infields;

            4)    Have the use of batting cages from 4:15 - 4:40 at games scheduled 
                  at 5:15;

            5)    Have the use of batting cages from 6:15 - 6:40 at games scheduled 
                  at 7:15;

            The team name appearing second on the schedule is the home team. The home team will:

            1)    Use the third base side dugout;

            2)    Bat in the bottom of each inning;

            3)    No infield/outfield warm-up is permitted on playing infields;

            4)    Have the use of batting cages from 4:45 - 5:10 at games scheduled 
                  at 5:15;  

            5)   Have the use of batting cages from 6:45 - 7:10 at games scheduled 
                 at 7:15.
  
        D. Rain outs.  If a game is rained out, it will be rescheduled when there is an
                         available field.  Sufficient notification will be given to each team.

9. Pitchers.

          A. No pitcher will be allowed to pitch more than 7 innings in any calendar week.
             (A calendar week is Monday through Sunday).  One pitch constitutes an inning of
             pitching.

          B. A pitcher must have two (2) calendar days rest between pitching assignments in
             which a pitcher pitches four (4) or more innings in any one game.

          C. A pitcher must have two(2) calendar days rest after accumulating 7 inning during
             one calendar week.

          D. If a pitcher is replaced as a pitcher, he may not pitch again in that same game;

          E. Pitchers will be allowed 7 warm-up pitches at the start of the game;

          F. Between innings, the pitcher will be allowed 5 warm-up pitchest or until the
             catcher is ready;

          G. Pitchers will be allowed 7 warm-up pitches if entering the game as a relief
             pitcher;

10. Line Ups.

          Before the starting of each game during the season, the manager of each team shall
          provide an accurate batting order and a listing of all uniformed players, whose
          names have been registered with the Commission, to the opposing manager, the scorekeeper
          and to the Umpire in chief of said game.  In addition, the manager must inform the
          opposing manager if any of his players will be withheld from satisfying the participation
          rule because of injury, illness, or disciplinary reason.

11. Miscellaneous Rules

          A. A courtesy runner will be mandatory for the catcher when there are 2 outs.

            1)    The player making the last out will run for the catcher.

            2)    This rule does not have to be followed during the 7th inning or beyond.

         B. Managers must try faithfully to call each and every player on his team for all
            practices and games.

         C. To provide sufficient playing time for all players, the following rules will be
            enforced:

            1. A continuous batting order will be used.  That is, all players attending a
               game will be in the batting rotation for the entire game.

            2. A player at a games must play a minimum of 9 outs in the field.

            3. If for some reason, (example:  time limit, darkness) a position player does not
               play 3 innings  in field, that player will play a minimum of the first 3 innings
               of the team’s next scheduled game In the field..

            4. If an offensive player is unable to remain in the game(ex. injury),  then the
               last out will replace that player. The player is removed from the line-up and
               can no longer play in the game.  In addition, when that player location comes to
               bat, it will NOT be an automatic out.

         D. If a player is warming up a pitcher on the playing field, he must wear protective
            head gear and a protective cup. If a player is coaching a base, he must wear a
            batting helmet.

         E. A player who is a member of a high school baseball team, shall not be allowed to
            play or practice with his Western Kiwanis League Team until completion of his
            high school team's schedule.  This includes the time during which he is trying out
           for the high school team.

         F. A $110 fee is required from each player.

         G. Any player, coach, or manager throwing equipment or using foul language will be
            ejected from the game and suspended from the next scheduled game.
            The 2nd offense - 3 game suspension, 3rd offense  one year suspension.  In addition,
            any player, coach, or manager ejected from a game for any reason will be suspended
            from the next scheduled game pending a review by the commission.  And the person
            ejected must leave the ballpark.

         H. Metal Spikes will be permitted.

            I. Players shall not intentionally collide with nor attempt to hurdle any other player.
               In the case of a runners intentionally colliding with or attempting to hurdle a
               fielder, the runner will be called out and may, at the umpires discretion be
               ejected from the game.  A runner leaving the ground head or feet first in an attempt
               to take out a defensive player will be ejected from the game followed by player
               disciplinary action.  The decision may be subject to league review.  All base runners
               must slide, or stop and give themselves up, run around a defensive player(however
               runners may not avoid a tag by running more then 3 feet out of the baseline) if the
               defensive has possession of the ball. NOTE:  A player may have incidental contact
               without being called and ejected from the game by the umpire.  The determination of
               intentional and incidental contact is at the sole discretion of the umpire and is
               not subject to appeal.

            J. If a defensive player is not in possession of the ball, he cannot block the base or
               be in the base path so as to impede or obstruct the base runner right to that base.
               Under such circumstances, the umpire will call obstruction.  This would allow the
               runner/batter to be called safe and to be allowed base advancement upon the umpire
               discretion.  Also, under these circumstances, runner/batter will follow the rules
               outline in paragraph above.  In addition, if the obstruction is flagrant, the
               defensive may be ejected from  the game.

            K. Hidden Ball Trick not allowed.
               Penalty:   1st offense in a game, the play is nullified.  2nd offense in the same
               game - Forfeiture of game.

            L. Time Outs/Conferences:

               The Offensive Team will be allowed 2 Coach/Player/Runner Time Outs per game.

            M. Players must wear an Official Kiwanis baseball cap and shirts must be tucked in.
               Any player not in a complete uniform must be removed from the game.

            N. Bat Restriction.  In the Prep League, there are no bat restrictions

12. Play-off Rules.

            1)    Substitution/Participation Rule - Same as league play.

            2)    In the event of extra innings, the game will be played without putting the last
                  player who made an out as a runner on 2nd base.  The game will be continued until a
                  winner is determined.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN HIGH SCHOOL FEDERATION RULES AND MAJOR LEAGUE RULES
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Our rules begin with High School Federation Rules. If you wish to order your 
own copy of the HS rule book, their website is www.nfhs.org
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Rule 1-3-4 Non-wood bat. In diameter at its thickest part 2 5/8 or less.  In weight, a 
           bat shall not weigh more than 3 oz less than the length of the bat in inches
           (e.g. a 33-inch-long bat cannot be less than 30 oz).  This is now as the (-3) 
           rule. Kiwanis rule in the Prep League(13 yr. olds), there will no restriction 
           on bats. In all other Kiwanis leagues, we will use the HS rule known as the 
           (-3 rule).  In addition, starting the bat must have BBCOR certification mark.  
           BBCOR means BATTED BALL COEFFICIENT OF RESTITUTION.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Rule 1-5-1  Any offensive player on the field of play must wear a batting helmet.  The 
            helmet cannot be intentionally removed while a player is in live-ball 
            territory and the ball is live.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Rule 1-5-12 Jewelry shall not be worn except for religious or medical medals.  
            A religious medal must be taped and worn under the uniform.  A medical alert 
            medal must be taped and may be visible.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Rule 2-4-3  Intentional Walk - An intentional base on balls may be given by the 
            defensive team by having its catcher or coach request the umpire to award the 
            batter first base.  This may be done before pitching to the batter or on any 
            ball and strike count.  The ball shall be declared dead before making the award.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Rule 2-22-1 Obstruction is an act(intentional or unintentional, as well as physical or
            verbal) by a fielder, any member of the defensive team or its team personnel 
            that hinders a runner or changes the pattern of play or when a catcher or fielder 
            hinders a batter. When obstruction occurs, the ball becomes dead at the end 
            of playing action and the umpire has the authority to determine which base or 
            bases shall be awarded the runners according to the rule violated.

            A fake tag is an act by a defensive player without the ball that simulates a tag.
            A fake tag is considered obstruction.

           The fielder without possession of the ball denies access to the base the runner is
           attempting to achieve.  This is also considered obstruction.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5-1-1k    Balk - When a balk is called the play is dead.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Courtesy Runners - HS rules allow for courtesy runners in many situations.  We
          continue to require a courtesy runner for the catcher and only
          when there are two outs.  This rule will be mandatory.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Time Limit - We will continue a one hour and 45 minute time limit for all of our
          games.  In addition, the commissioner has the discretion to terminate
          game.  This would occur in rare situations, when the time limit has been
          exceeded and the outcome is not in doubt.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Trips to the Mound - We will implement the HS rule.  This states that a defensive
          team is allowed 3 defensive meetings in a game without removing the
          pitcher(as a pitcher).  On each subsequent trip, the pitcher must be
          removed as a pitcher.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This next list of statements pertains to various aspects of Obstruction and
Interference by offensive and defensive players.  This is covered in the HS rule book
but I wanted to summarize the important points.

     1)   The fielder without possession of the ball cannot deny access to the base the
          base runner is attempting to achieve.

     2)   An offensive player must avoid unnecessary contact with a defensive player.

     3)   An offensive player must slide directly to the base.

     4)   If a defensive player is in the base path illegally, the offensive player must
          avoid unnecessary contact, even if the offensive player has to go outside the
          base line.

1


Download Rules

Senior League

                     WESTERN KIWANIS SENIOR BASEBALL LEAGUE RULES 

1.  Teams.

          A.  Each team shall consist of more than fifteen (15) players.  

          B.  No additions or changes can be made in any team's roster without the consent of the 
              Commission.  This includes trades between teams and dropping any player from the 
              roster once the player has been picked to play with the team.

2.   Age.
          Any player who will not attain the age of 19 before September 1 and any boy who attains the age 
          of 16 before September 1 of any given calendar year, shall be eligible to active membership in 
          the League and may participate in any and all of the activities during the year.  

3.  Legal Games.
     
          A.  Games shall be played seven innings.  No new inning will start after 1 hour 45 minutes. 
              The inning begins upon completion of the third out of the previous inning.  The 
              umpires will determine that starting time of each game and designate a timepiece 
              as the official timepiece.

          B.  Tie Games - If the score is tied at the end of 7 innings or the time limit
                          has elapsed, an extra inning will be played as follows:

                          The player making the last out in the previous inning will start the inning 
                          as a base runner on 2nd base.  If the score is still tied after the 
                          completion of the 8th inning, the game will be considered a tie in the 
                          standings.

          C.  10-Run Rule - A game will end once becoming regulation, if one team is ahead by 10 or 
                            more runs and has had equal time at bat or the home' team is leading.

          D.  Should a game be suspended because of weather or other circumstances and if the game is 
              made up, it will be made up from the point at which it was postponed.

4.  Umpires and Coaches.

          A.  There shall be two approved umpires at each game.
          
          B.  Umpire in chief shall be behind the home plate, whenever possible.  He shall have the 
              power to overrule on all decisions.

          C.  Coaches as well as managers shall be assigned by the Commission.
 
          D.  No game will be postponed because of an absence of assigned umpires.  If the umpires 
              do not show up for a game, the managers of each team will take the appropriate steps 
              to see that an official game is played.

5.  Scorekeepers.
 
         The manager of the home team shall supply a competent scorekeeper.  Runs and innings are 
         the only records required.

6.  Forfeiture and Protest.

          A.  No team shall be permitted to begin a ball game with less than seven (7) players in 
              complete uniform.  Teams will not be permitted to continue a game with less than six 
              players.  If a team has less than 9 players, when the empty position in the batting 
              order is scheduled to bat, he will not be an automatic out. 

          B.  Protesting an error in a rule interpretation will be allowed.  The protest must be done
              in accordance with baseball rules.  Written notification must be made to a 
              commissioner within 48 hours.  If the protest is upheld, the game will be replayed 
              from that point, only if affects the final standings.  Protest decisions will be 
              governed by normal baseball rules and the commissioners decision is final.

          C.  In the case of a team violating the playing rules, appropriate action will be taken by 
              the commission.  This action could consist of(but not limited to) replaying the game, 
              playing the game from the time of the infraction, or forfeiture of the game.

7.  Playing Rules.

          The High School Federation Playing Rules shall be the rules of the League.  Senior League 
          Rules supercede High School Federation Rules.

8.  Schedule
     
          A.  The schedule of games shall be approved by the Commission.
      
          B.  Games shall be scheduled to give teams sufficient rest between scheduled games.

          C.  The team name appearing first on the schedule is the visiting team. The visiting team 
              will:

              1)  Use the first base side dugout;

              2)  Bat in the top of each inning;

              3)  No infield/outfield warm-up is permitted on the playing infields;

              4)  Have the use of the getting cages from 4:15 - 4:40 at games scheduled 
                  to start at 5:15;

              5)  Have the use of the getting cages from 6:15 - 6:40 at games scheduled 
                  to start at 7:15;

              The team name appearing second on the schedule is the home team.  The home team will:

              1)  Use the third base side dugout;

              2)  Bat in the bottom of each inning;

              3)  No infield/outfield warm-up is permitted on the playing infields;

              4)  Have the use of the getting cages from 4:45 - 5:10 at games scheduled 
                  to start at 5:15;

              5)  Have the use of the getting cages from 6:45 - 7:10 at games scheduled 
                  to start at 7:15;

          D.  Rain outs.  If a game is rained out, it will be rescheduled when there is an available 
                          field.  Sufficient notification will be given to each team.

9.  Pitchers. 

          There is no restriction on the number of innings a pitcher may pitch in the Senior League. 
          We rely on the discretion of the manager and player.

10. Lineups

          Before the starting of each game during the season, the manager of each team shall provide 
          an accurate batting order and a listing of all uniformed players, whose names have been 
          registered with the Commission, to the opposing manager.  This list of players shall 
          include the first name, last name and uniform number of each player.  In addition, the 
          manager must inform the opposing manager if any of his players will be withheld from 
          satisfying the participation rule because of injury, illness, or disciplinary reason. 

11.  Miscellaneous Rules

          A.  A courtesy runner will be mandatory for the catcher when there are 2 outs.

              1)    The player making the last out will run for the catcher. 

              2)    This rule does not have to be followed during the 7th inning or 
                    beyond.

          B. Managers must try faithfully to contact each and every player on his team for all 
             practices and games.

          C.  To provide sufficient playing time for all players, the following rules will be 
              enforced:

              1)  A continuous batting order will be used.  That is, all players attending a game will
                  be in the batting rotation for the entire game.

              2)  A player at a games must play a minimum of 6 outs in the field.

              3)  If for some reason, (example:  time limit, darkness) a position player does not 
                  play 2 innings in field, that player will play a minimum of the first 2 innings of
                  the team’s next scheduled game in the field.

              4. If an offensive player is unable to remain in the game(ex. injury), then the last out
                 will replace that player. The player is removed from the line-up and can no longer 
                 play in the game.  In addition, when that player’s location comes to bat, it will NOT 
                 be an automatic out.

          D.  If a player is warming up a pitcher on the playing field, he must wear protective head 
              gear and a protective cup.  If a player is coaching a base, he must wear a batting 
              helmet.

          E.  A player who is a member of a high school baseball team, shall not be allowed to play 
              or practice with his Western Kiwanis League Team until completion of his high school 
              team's schedule.  This includes the time during which he is trying out for the 
              high school team.

          F.  A $110 fee is required from each player.

          G.  Any player, throwing equipment or using foul language will be ejected from the game and
              suspended from the next scheduled game.  The 2nd offense - 3 game suspension, 
              3rd offense - one year suspension. In addition, any player, coach, or manager ejected 
              from a game for any reason will be suspended from the next scheduled game pending a 
              review by the commission. Any person ejected from a game must leave the ball park.

          H. Metal spikes will be permitted.

          I.  On a 'play' at a base or at home plate, a runner does not always have to slide.  The 
              runner must slide, when not sliding causes intentional injury or causes intentional 
              contact.  The runner will be called 'out' and may be ejected from the game. The 
              umpires' judgment shall be used.

          J.  Time Outs/Conferences:  The Offensive Team will be allowed 2 Coach/Player/Runner Time 
              Outs per game. Players must wear an Official Kiwanis baseball cap and shirts must be 
              tucked in.  Any player not in a complete uniform must beremoved from the game.

12.  Play-off Rules.

          1)    Substitution/Participation Rule - Same as league play.

          2)    In the event of extra innings, the game will be played without putting the 
                last player who made an out as a runner on 2nd base. The game will be 
                continued until a winner is determined. 

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN HIGH SCHOOL FEDERATION RULES AND MAJOR LEAGUE RULES

Our rules beign with High School Federation Rules. If you wish to order your 
own copy of the HS rule book, their website is www.nfhs.org
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Rule 1-3-4 Non-wood bat.  In diameter at its thickest part 2 5/8 or less.  In weight, 
           a bat shall not weigh more than 3 oz  less than the length of the bat in inches
           (e.g. a 33-inch-long bat cannot be less than 30 oz). Kiwanis rule in the 
           Prep League(13 yr. olds), there will no restriction on bats. In all other 
           Kiwanis leagues, we will use the HS rule known as the (-3 rule). 
           In addition, the bat must have BBCOR certification mark.  
           BBCOR means BATTED BAT COEFFICIENT OF RESTITUTION.  
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Rule 1-5-1.Any offensive player on the field of play must wear a batting helmet.  
           The helmet cannot be intentionally removed while a player is in live-ball 
           territory and the ball is live.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Rule 1-5-12 Jewelry shall not be worn except for religious or medical medals.  
            A religious medal must be taped and worn under the uniform.  A medical alert 
            medal must be taped and may be visible.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Rule 2-4-3  Intentional Walk - An intentional base on balls may be given by the defensive
            team by having its catcher or coach request   the umpire to award the batter 
            first base. This may be done before pitching to the batter or on any ball and 
            strike count.  The ball shall be declared dead before making the award.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Rule 2-22-1  Obstruction is an act(intentional or unintentional, as well as physical or 
(2.00, 7.06) verbal) by a fielder, any member of the defensive team or its team personnel
             that hinders a runner or changes the pattern of play or when a catcher or 
             fielder hinders a batter.  When obstruction occurs, the ball becomes dead at 
             the end of playing action and the umpire has the authority to determine which 
             base or bases shall be awarded the runners according to the rule violated.

             A fake tag is an act by a defensive player without the ball that simulates a 
               tag. A fake tag is considered obstruction.

             The fielder without possession of the ball denies access to the base the 
             runner is attempting to achieve.  This is also considered obstruction.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5-1-1k       Balk - When a balk is called the play is dead.     
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
             Courtesy Runners - HS rules allow for courtesy runners in many situations.  
                                We continue to require a courtesy runner for the catcher 
                                and only when there are two outs.  This rule will be 
                                mandatory.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Time Limit - We will continue a one hour and 45 minute time limit for all of our games. 
             In addition, the commissioner has the discretion to terminate a game.  
             This would occur in rare situations, when the time limit has been 
             exceeded and the outcome is not in doubt.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Trips to the Mound - We will implement the HS rule.  This states that a defensive team is
             allowed 3 defensive meetings in a game without removing the pitcher(as a 
             pitcher).  On each subsequent trip, the pitcher must be removed as a pitcher.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This next list of statements pertains to various aspects of Obstruction and Interference 
by offensive and defensive players.  This is covered in the HS rule book, but I wanted 
to summarize the important points.

          1)   The fielder without possession of the ball cannot deny access to the base 
               the base runner is attempting to achieve.

          2)   An offensive player must avoid unnecessary contact with a defensive player.

          3)   An offensive player must slide directly to the base.

          4)   If a defensive player is in the base path illegally, the offensive player 
               must avoid unnecessary contact, even if the offensive player has to go 
               outside the base line.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Download Rules

Fall League

  

                                      WESTERN KIWANIS BABE RUTH BASEBALL LEAGUE
                                            Fall League Rules
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.  Teams.

       A.  Each team shall consist of no less than ten(10) uniformed players nor more than 
           fifteen(15) players.

       B.  No additions or changes can be made in any team's roster without the consent of the 
           Commission.  This includes trades between teams and dropping any player from the roster 
           once the player has been picked to play with the team.
2.  Age.
           Any boy/girl who will not attain the age of 18 before September 1 and any boy/
           girl who attains the age of 12 before September 1 of any given calendar year, shall be 
           eligible to active membership in the League and may participate in any and all           
           of the activities during the year.

3.  Legal Games.

       A.  Games shall be played seven innings. No new inning will start after 1 hour 45 minutes. 
           The inning begins upon completion of the last out of the previous inning.  The umpires 
           will determine that starting time of each game and designate a timepiece as the official 
           timepiece.

       B.  10-Run Rule - A game will end once becoming regulation, if one team is ahead by 10 or more
                         runs and has had equal time at bat or the 'home' team is leading.

       C.  Should a game be suspended because of weather(if the games is made up) it will be made up 
           from the point at which it was postponed.

4.  Umpires and Coaches.

       A.  There shall be two approved umpire at each game.

       B.  Umpire in chief shall be behind the home plate, whenever possible.  He shall 
           have the power to overrule on all decisions.

       C.  Coaches as well as managers shall be assigned by the Commission.

       D.  No game will be postponed because of an absence of assigned umpires.  If the umpires 
           do not show up for a game, the managers of each team will take appropriate steps to 
           see that an official game is played.

5.  Scorekeepers.
           The manager of the home team shall supply a competent scorekeeper.  Runs and innings are 
           the only records required.

           The umpires will record the innings pitched by each pitcher.

6.  Forfeiture and Protest.

        A.  No team shall be permitted to begin a ball game with less than seven (7) players in       
            complete uniform.  Teams will not be permitted to continue a game with less than seven 
            players. 

        B.  Protesting an error in a rule interpretation will be allowed.  The protest must be done in 
            accordance with baseball rules. Notification must be made to a commissioner, in writing 
            within 48 hours.  If the protest is upheld the game will be replayed from that point, only
            if it affects the final standings.  Protest decisions will be governed by normal baseball 
            rules and the commissioner’s decision is final.   

        C.  In the case of a team violating the playing rules, appropriate action will be taken by 
            the commission.  This action could consist of(but not limited to) replaying the game, 
            playing the game from the time of the infraction, or forfeiture of the game.
7.  Playing Rules.
           The High School Federation Rules shall be the rules of the League.  Fall League Rules 
           supersede High School Federation Rules.

8.  Schedule

       A.  The schedule of games shall be approved by the Commission.

       B.  Games shall be scheduled to give teams sufficient rest between scheduled games.

       C.  The team name appearing first on the schedule is the visiting team.  The visiting team will:
               1)    Use the first base side dugout;

               2)    Bat in the top of each inning;

               3)    No infield/outfield warm-up is permitted on the playing infields;

               4)    Have the use of the batting cages from 4:15 - 4:40 at games 
                     scheduled at 5:15;

               5)    Have the use of the batting cages from 6:15 - 6:40 at games 
                     scheduled  at 7:15.

          The team name appearing second on the schedule is the home team. 
          The home team will:

               1)    Use the third base side dugout;

               2)    Bat in the bottom of each inning;

               3)    No infield/outfield warm-up is permitted on the playing infield;

               4)    Have the use of the batting cages from 4:45 - 5:10 at games 
                     scheduled to start at 5:15;

               5)    Have the use of the batting cages from 6:45 - 7:10 at games 
                     scheduled to start at 7:15.

          D. Rain outs.  If a game is postponed or suspended, it will be rescheduled as soon as 
                         possible.  Sufficient notification will be given to each team.
9.  Pitchers.

          A.  No pitcher will be allowed to pitch more than 4 innings in any calendar week. 
              (A calendar week is Monday through Sunday)

          B.  A pitcher will be allowed an extra 2 innings of pitching during a week in which his 
              team plays 3 games. The following conditions apply:

              1.  The pitcher is allowed the extra 2 innings during the 3rd game of that week;
 
              2.  The pitcher may not pitch more 4 innings in any game.

          C.  If a pitcher is replaced as a pitcher, he may not pitch again in that same game;

          D.  The balk rule will not be enforced by the umpires in the PREP League.  Time will be 
              called and the umpires will inform the pitcher of the balk and instruct the pitcher 
              on the correct procedure.

          E.  Pitchers will be allowed 7 warm-up pitches at the start of the game;
              Pitchers will be allowed 5 warm-up pitches before each inning;

              Pitchers will be allowed 7 warm-up pitches if entering the game as a relief pitcher

10.  Line Ups.
          Before the starting of each game during the season, the manager of each team sh
          all provide an accurate batting order and a listing of all uniformed players, whose names 
          have been registered with the Commission, to the opposing manager.  This list of players 
          shall include the first name, last name and uniform number of each player.  In addition, the 
          manager must inform the opposing manager if any of his players will be withheld from 
          satisfying the participation rule because of injury, illness, or disciplinary reason.

11.  Miscellaneous Rules

          A.  A courtesy runner will be mandatory for the catcher when there are 2 outs. The player 
              who has made the last out in the will be used.  This rule does not have to be followed 
              during the 7th inning or beyond.
   
              THERE WILL BE NO COURTESY RUNNERS ALLOWED FOR ANY OTHER REASON.

          B.  To provide sufficient playing time for all players, the following rules will be 
              enforced:

              1.  A continuous batting order will be used.  That is, all players attending a game 
                  will be in the batting rotation for the entire game.

              2.  A player at a games must play a minimum of 6 outs in the field.

              3.  If an offensive player is unable to remain in the game(ex. injury), the last out 
                  will replace that player. The player is removed from the line-up and can no longer
                  play in the game.  In addition, when that player’s location comes to bat, it will 
                  NOT be an automatic out.

          C.  A $95 fee is required from each player.

          D.  If a player is warming up a pitcher on the playing field, he must wear protective head 
              gear and a protective cup.  If a player is coaching a base, he must wear a batting 
              helmet.

          E.  Any player, coach, or manager throwing equipment or using foul language will be ejected
              from the game and suspended from the next scheduled game.  The 2nd offense - 3 game 
              suspension, 3rd offense - one year suspension.  In addition, any player, coach, or
              manager ejected from a game for any reason will be suspended from the next scheduled 
              game pending a review by the commission. When a person is ejected from a games, that 
              person must leave the ball park.

          F.  No metal spikes will be permitted in the Prep League.  Metal spikes are permitted in 
              the Junior and Senior Leagues.
          G.  Players shall not intentionally collide with nor attempt to hurdle any other player.  
              In the case of a runners intentionally colliding with or attempting to hurdle a fielder,
              the runner will be called out and may, at the umpires discretion be ejected from the 
              game.  A runner leaving the ground head or feet first in an attempt to take out a 
              defensive player will be ejected from the game followed by player disciplinary action. 
              The decision may be subject to league review.  All base runners must slide, or stop and 
              give themselves up, run around a defensive player(however runners may not avoid a
              tag by running more then 3 feet out of the baseline) if the defensive has possession of 
              the ball. NOTE:  A player may have incidental contact without being called and ejected 
              from the game by the umpire. The determination of intentional and incidental contact is
              at the sole discretion of the umpire and is not subject to appeal. 

              If a defensive player is not in possession of the ball, he cannot block the base or be 
              in the base path so as to impede or obstruct the base runner right to that base.  Under
              such circumstances, the umpire will call obstruction.  This would allow the 
              runner/batter to be called safe and to be allowed base advancement upon the umpire 
              discretion.  Also, under these circumstances, runner/batter will follow the rules 
              outline in paragraph above.  In addition, if the obstruction is flagrant, the defensive
              may be ejected from  the game.

          H.  Hidden Ball Trick not allowed.
                     Penalty: 1st offense in a game, the play is nullified; 

                              2nd offense in the same game - Forfeiture of game.

          I.  Time Outs/Conferences: The Offensive Team will be allowed 2 Coach/Player/Runner 
                                     Time Outs per game.

          J.  If a team is playing a game with less than 9 players, when the vacant batting position 
              comes to the plate, it will not be considered as an out.

          K.  Players must wear an Official Kiwanis baseball cap and shirts must be tucked in.  
              Any player not in a complete uniform must be removed from the game.

          L.  Bat Restriction.
              1)   In the Prep League, there are no bat restrictions

              2)   In the Junior and Senior Leagues, the HS Federation rule applies.

12.  Play-off Rules.

          A.  All games will have a 1 hour 45 minute time limit.  If a game is tied at the end of 
              regulation or at the end of the time limit, the game will be continued until a winner 
              is determined.

          B.  Seeding for Play-offs
              Prep League - Each team will be seeded randomly.  The team’s record will not determine 
                            seeding.

              Junior and Senior League - Seeding will be based upon each team’s record. 

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN HIGH SCHOOL FEDERATION RULES AND MAJOR LEAGUE RULES

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Below is a list of the differences between major league and HS rules. If you wish 
to order your own copy of the HS rule book, I have included their website. www.nfhs.org
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Rule 1-3-4 Non-wood bat.  In diameter at its thickest part 2 5/8 or less.  In weight, a 
           bat shall  not weigh more than 3 oz less than the length of the bat in inches
(1.04).    (e.g. a 33-inch-long bat cannot be less than 30 oz). Kiwanis rule in the 
           Prep League(13 yr. olds), there will no restriction on bats. In all other 
           Kiwanis leagues, we will use the HS rule known as the (-3 rule).  In addition, 
           starting the bat must have BBCOR certification mark.  
           BBCOR means BATTED BALL COEFFICIENT OF RESTITUTION. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Rule 1-5-1. Any offensive player on the field of play must wear a batting helmet.  The 
            helmet cannot be intentionally removed while a player is in live-ball territory 
            and the ball is live.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Rule 1-5-12 Jewelry shall not be worn except for religious or medical medals.  A 
            religious medal must be taped and worn under the uniform.  A medical alert 
            medal must be taped and may be visible.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Rule 2-4-3  Intentional Walk - An intentional base on balls may be given by the defensiv             team by having its catcher or coach request   the umpire to award the batter             first base.  This may be done before pitching to the batter or on any ball 
            and strike count.  The ball shall be declared dead before making the award.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Rule 2-22-1  Obstruction is an act(intentional or unintentional, as well as physical or 
             verbal) by a fielder, any member of the defensive team or its team personnel
(2.00, 7.06) that hinders a runner or changes the pattern of play or when a catcher or 
             fielder hinders a batter. When obstruction occurs, the ball becomes dead 
             at the end of playing action and the umpire has the authority to determine 
             which base or bases shall be awarded the runners according to the rule violated.

             A fake tag is an act by a defensive player without the ball that simulates a tag. 
             A fake tag is considered obstruction.

             The fielder without possession of the ball denies access to the base the runner 
             is attempting to achieve.  This is also considered obstruction.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5-1-1k       Balk - When a balk is called the play is dead.    
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
             Courtesy Runners - HS rules allow for courtesy runners in many situations.  
             We continue to require a courtesy runner for the catcher and only when there 
             are two outs.  This rule will be mandatory.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
             Time Limit - We will continue a one hour and 45 minute time limit for all of 
             our games. In addition, the commissioner has the discretion to terminate a game.  
             This would occur,in rare situations, when the time limit has been exceeded and 
             the outcome is not in doubt.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
             Trips to the Mound - We will implement the HS rule.  This states that a defensive 
             team is allowed 3 defensive meetings in a game without removing the 
             pitcher(as a pitcher). On each subsequent trip, the pitcher must be removed 
             as a pitcher.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This next list of statements pertains to various aspects of Obstruction and Interference
by offensive and defensive players.  This is covered in the HS rule book, but I wanted to
summarize the important points.

          1)   The fielder without possession of the ball cannot deny access to the base 
               the base runner is attempting to achieve.

          2)   An offensive player must avoid unnecessary contact with a defensive player.

          3)   An offensive player must slide directly to the base.

          4)   If a defensive player is in the base path illegally, the offensive player must 
               avoid unnecessary contact, even if the offensive player has to go outside 
               the base line.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------






















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